Title: In-plane attenuation zone and its optimization in a plate with periodic holes
Author(s): LIU Xiongwei; HUANG Jiankun; HU Yucun; LI Yaguang; LIU Wen;
Affiliation(s): Department of Civil Engineering, School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University
Abstract: It is difficult to design a plate with wide attenuation zones in low frequency region based on Bragg scattering mechanism. A plate with periodic rhombic holes is optimized and designed. Based on the finite element method under periodic boundary conditions, the in-plane dispersion curves of periodically perforated plate are calculated via COMSOL. The frequency responses of periodically perforated plate axe investigated via ANSYS simulation. The plates with periodic holes are suspended and dynamically tested under sinusoidal excitations. The results show that a periodically perforated plate with rhombus holes has wider attenuation zones than plates with circular and hexagonal holes. Material properties have a great influence on attenuation zones: nitrile-butadiene rubber and silicon rubber can easily obtain low-frequency zones, while increasing porosity creates lower and wider zones. The width of attenuation zone increases as the horizontal angle of the rhombus holes increases. An analysis of the attenuation zones’ generation mechanism shows that the plate with periodic holes exhibits characteristics of Bragg scattering and local resonant phononic crystal, indicating an inherent relationship between two types of mechanisms. The optimized plate has a complete attenuation zone ranging from 5281.76-8824.30 Hz. The vibrations are significantly reduced when the number of periods is no less than two. The attenuation range obtained via the numerical method is generally consistent with the experiment. The research sheds light on the noise insulation plate and has the potential to improve the sound environment in various applications due to its simple manufacturing.