Title: A frequency-adapted optimal-weighted method of array interference striations
Author(s): DA Lianglong; XU Guojun; ZHAO Jianxin; HAN Mei
Affiliation(s): Navy Submarine Academy
Abstract: Considering the filter properties of the long horizontal line array (HLA) to the sound field modes, we established an adaptive optimal method to design HLA weights, which can change the filter pass band with the frequency. Using the normal modes theory and combining with the feature of the sound field HLA beamformer, and analyzing the differences of definition and slope in the LOFAR (Low Frequency Analysis Recording) spectrogram between the single-hydrophone and the beamformer, a frequency-adapted optimal-weighted (FAOW) estimate method was obtained by solving a quadratic optimization model with linear equality constraints. The numerical simulation and the experimental data analysis indicated that we can obtain the beamformer signal with the designed optimal array weight which was made up by the Surface-Reflected Bottom-Reflected modes or Non-Surface-Reflected Bottom-Reflected modes. The slope of striations in the signal spectrogram fitted well with the theoretical analysis.